Hi Guys, This Alex. I am a fly fisherman. Today’s I am sharing some exclusive technique and tactics. It has being two parts . One location and approaching fish and presentation. Get started

Locating and Approaching Fish

Technique and Tactics for Fly Fisherman
Technique and Tactics for Fly Fisherman

Using Binoculars for Locating Fish

Using binoculars to locate fish is a great technique often overlooked by anglers. A small pair, about four-power that fit into a pocket of your fishing vest is more than adequate

Use them to look over a section of a stream before approaching it to save yourself time and lots of steps. With binoculars you can observe what the fish are feeding on without the need for sampling the waters before selecting your fly. You can even check out what other anglers are using to catch fish – if they are…


Fish are constantly aware of their surroundings as this is key to their survival. If something appears in their surroundings that is unnatural or out-of-place will cause them to flee and hide.

Therefore, fishermen should employ the technique of wearing clothing that blends into the background. Keep in mind, anything shiny or metallic looking is not part of the ‘natural’ look.


Every fisherman knows that Polaroid glasses are a necessary part of your gear inventory. But, different color glasses work better under differing circumstances. Most of the time, the amber-colored lenses are appropriate, but the blue-gray lenses are better suited for extremely bright surroundings — like white sands or on the open sea.

The yellowish tint, like those used by shooters, is best suited on trout streams where the water is intermittently shaded. The yellowish tint improves the contrast, allowing for seeing the fish against mottled backgrounds. The yellowish tint also seems to work better on trout stream on overcast days where the contrast is reduced. Keep in mind that the yellow tinted lenses do tend to tire the eyes on brightly lit days.

Locating and Approaching Fish
Locating and Approaching Fish

Seining for Insects

Experienced anglers are always on the lookout for the insects currently on, or in, the waters they intend to fish. To that end, many employ the technique of carrying a seine net to sample the daily insect fare. Carrying a fine-mesh net for skimming the water for insects can be cumbersome and result in your net being caught up in every bush and tree along the stream. Using a small plastic soapbox like those used to carry bar soap can be a solution. Cut out most of the bottom of the box, then insert a piece of fine-mesh wire–usually available at most hardware stores–gluing it in place around the small edge left after removing the bottom.

While you will not enjoy the volume of a net-sized seine, the soapbox can be kept in a vest pocket and the caught insects kept for study later on.

Foam Lines

When an upstream riffle creates a foam line, a well known technique is to drift your fly along this “food-highway”. The foam line generally remains consistent along the flow line of the stream — not where the foam may collect at stream’s edge.

Spider Webs

Fish are not the only creatures along the stream that relies upon insect hatches for food. Spiders also build webs along streams to trap insects. A good technique is to get used to inspecting these webs, which can tell you a lot about what is on the menu for the day for the fish.

Locating Fish Lurking Areas

Still waters behind rocks below large dams are favorite lurking areas for predatory fish. These still waters provide areas where the fish only have to exert a minimal amount of energy while waiting for insects to drift by. The technique of drifting a fly into these areas can produce outstanding results…

Night Fishing

It is no secret that those fishermen that land those trophy size brown trout have done so at night. How did they locate these fish? They used a large, high-intensity flashlight.

Walking the stream bank at night sweeping the water with a large flashlight will frequently reveal the location of these large fish — usually at the downstream end of a large pool in just inches of water.

Once located, do not hold the beam of light on the fish, as they will most likely become alarmed and dart away. Sweep the beam back and forth across the fishes location and you will find that each time the beam passes over that last known location, it will still be there.

Get into a good casting position and offer the fish a big ole night fly….

The Approach

One of the most common mistakes made by fisherman is to stand upright when approaching the stream/lake area they intend to fish. Because of the way in which fish see things above the water’s surface, they are likely to view your approach as a probable threat and flee.

A well known technique is to approach the stream on your hands and knees or in a ‘prayer’ attitude — crouched low –preferably behind some sort of cover. You can always spot an experienced angler by the worn and scuffed appearance of the knees on their waders.

It is also wise to approach in areas where it is likely to be shaded, or shadowy from stream side brush. And, when wading in pools, or quiet waters, keep your pace slow so as to not create ‘shock’ waves that are detectable by the fish. So always wade as slow as possible to minimize disturbing the water — both above and below the surface.

The Drift

You should usually allow your fly drift on the surface as naturally as possible, but sometimes, the current will catch your line and pull your fly off course away from the pool you are trying to traverse. When this happens, you may flip your line over a rock or other protrusion to keep the fly on course across the pool so that you don’t have to pull on the line and spoil your presentation.


Fishing boats on Samos

White is the Sign You’re Looking for

When nymphing, you have a great advantage if you can see the fish. On that occasion where you believe the nymph is close to the fish, and you see white (the inside of the fishes mouth), then prepare for the strike.

The Right Way to Retrieve

A major flaw in the technique used by many an angler is how they go about retrieving underwater flies and popping bugs. In retrieving this kind of fly, you should never manipulate the fly with the rod tip. Each time you flip the fly, nd then allow the line to go slack for a moment, it lessens your chances of hooking the fish in the event of a strike.

Another flaw in the retrieval technique is stripping the line, then dropping it, and placing the hand forwards of the hand holding the rod then grasp the line again. In order to strip again, you must release the line from your rod hand thusly loosing control of the retrieve for a brief moment.

Keeping the Rod Tip Low

When fishing underwater flies or popping bugs, many anglers have a tendency to elevate the rod tip to waist height or more. This creates a length of slack in the line making it difficult to set the hook in a vigorous fish if there is a strike during this part of the retrieval.

On the Strike

When a fast running fish is hooked, it is critical to immediately take control of the escaping line. This is to insure there are no sudden stops or jerks which may cause the breaking of a leader or dislodging of the hook. So watch the line on the water or the dock/shore to make sure that no tangles form and that the escaping line is flowing freely thru the guides. Jam the butt of the rod against the fore arm to insure no line bundles and becomes jammed behind the reel.

Technique and Tactics for Fly Fisherman
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Technique and Tactics for Fly Fisherman
Hi Guys, This Alex. I am a fly fisherman. Today's I am sharing some exclusive technique and tactics. It has being two parts . One location and approaching fish and presentation. Get started

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